-Please Read this FIRST- On this site we prefer to use the actual Name of our loving Heavenly Father as it was written in the Word, and thus you will note that we will use the Four Letter “Memorial Name” of - YHVH, which is pronounced as YaHVaH or YaHWaH. In addition we will also use our Heavenly Father’s attribute/title, which is Elohim rather than “God,” which sadly is the name of a pagan god. In addition we also love to use the actual and real Name of our beloved Messiah which is - Yahushua or Yahshua in short, for this is our Saviours original Hebrew Name as given to Him at birth in Lukas - Luke 1:31. This was the only Name ever used when He was on the earth by His family, disciples and His followers OVER THE centuries, even until today! However, it was changed to a foreign name by the founder of the new “pagan church of Rome.” Occasionally, we may also use other Hebrew or Greek names as well as different words in our studies for certain common words used are from pagan backgrounds and thus are not suitable. All names will be translated when they are FIRST used in a study or at various times as needed for clarity. There is a full explanation of YHVH’s blessed “Memorial Name” as well as the wonderful blessed Name of our Messiah and Saviour, thus please read …The Memorial Name.”


Page Three


The “Outer Court” and its hangings, the front screen and the Brazen Sacrificial Altar is covered on this page!

Page Three covers the “Court of the Tabernacle” and its 56 plus 4 pillars for the entrance screen, as well as the courts surrounding hangings of carefully knotted fine linen. And most importantly the “Brazen Sacrificial Altar” that stood in the courtyard, where all of the animal sacrifices were offered unto YaHVaH Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name. Again we will see how all these wonderful things line up pictorially and prophetically with our blessed Saviour, Yahushua The Messiah!

Continued from Page Two:

It must be quite obvious by now that the whole of the Tabernacle is in reality in three main parts, for there is the “Outer Court of the Tabernacle” where the “Brazen Sacrificial Altar” which I will cover on this page. Then there is the “Mishchan” the tent of Tabernacle that has its two sections, 1. The Sanctified Place having the “Lamp stand,” as well as the “Table of Showbread,” and the “Altar of Incense.” Behind the veil is that smaller and very special section that is the Sanctified (holy) of Holies, where the Ark of the Covenant resides and the pot of Manna, the Rod of Aaron, and only Moshe, Aaron, and later the high priest could enter once a year during the “Day of Atonement!”

However, these three areas very much speak about Yahushua our Messiah and they point to three different dispensations within the plan of YaHVaH Elohim and I have already pointed to that in the first Two Studies!

But on this study we will concentrate on the outer court and also look at the gate to the tabernacle and of course the “Brazen Altar.”

5. The Vessels of the Tabernacle

1 – The Court of the Tabernacle:

A diagram of the Mishchan and the Courtyard with overall measurements

"Make a courtyard for the tabernacle. The south side shall be a hundred cubits long and is to have curtains of finely twisted linen, with twenty posts and twenty bronze bases and with silver hooks and bands on the posts. The north side shall also be a hundred cubits long and is to have curtains, with twenty posts and twenty bronze bases and with silver hooks and bands on the posts. The west end of the courtyard shall be fifty cubits wide and have curtains, with ten posts and ten bases. On the east end, toward the sunrise, the courtyard shall also be fifty cubits wide.” Shemos - Exodus 27:9-13.

“All the curtains around the courtyard were of finely twisted linen. The bases for the posts were bronze. The hooks and bands on the posts were silver, and their tops were overlaid with silver; so all the posts of the courtyard had silver bands. The curtain for the entrance to the courtyard was of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen, the work of an embroiderer. It was twenty cubits long and, like the curtains of the courtyard, five cubits high, with four posts and four bronze bases. Their hooks and bands were silver, and their tops were overlaid with silver.” Shemos - Exodus 38:16-19.

What we have read above states that the court that would surround the Tabernacle would be 100 cubits long and 50 cubits wide. In addition we noted that the wall of the enclosure was made of “fine twisted linen,”

All of the 60 posts were made of Acacia wood, but at the top of each was a cap of silver with a hole for a thin rod that surrounded the entire court, this was for stability. It also had a hook that would be on the exterior that held the silver socket that was fitted to the curtain and that would secure the curtain to the post at the top!

Each timber post had seven bands of silver, whilst the base was made of bronze. Thus in these posts we see great humility in the wood, for again we need to realise that Acacia wood is a thin twisted little tree that is terribly bent by the severe winds as well as the heat and extreme cold of the dessert. Thus these posts had to be shaped and made to this size, just like the great boards of the Tabernacle, but they were smaller in diameter, yet were taller by 5 cubits.

In all the curtain hangings that surrounded the courtyard were 280 cubits long and were supported by 56 pillars, amazingly the four corners of the court were formed by the hangings alone, as there were no pillars on the corners!

Note the corners of the court hangings


The outer court complete with its fine linen hangings that denote righteousness

and the curtain to the entrance that was 20 cubits wide

The first thing that is of note is that the only way to enter the outer court is via a curtained screen, and this was the only way into the court. In addition it is interesting to note that the entrance was on the east side.

There are several thoughts here, for when the Children of Israel lived in the land, Elohim had promised in His Word and in the Law, that IF Israel would uphold His Word the rain would fall in its season and the fields would be fruitful, etc. But if they would rebel against Him and not uphold the Law, He would send a drought! Beloved, we need to realise that the rains in Israel always comes from the west, for when the winds come from over the Mediterranean it brings the rain, however, what does the east bring? Well, it brings dust storms and drought, for that comes from the desserts of the east, thus the EAST is a PICTURE of SIN. Thus here we would see people come into the outer court through the one and only gate, being a picture of the future for there will be a day when there will be only ONE DOOR where salvation is possible! But in the wilderness, the people brought their sin offerings though the gate and offered it to the priests at the Altar.

Therefore as we look at that gate we see a picture of Yahushua, for He is the Door, He is the gate, He is the only way into salvation. As Yahushua said …

I am the door (or gate); whoever enters through Me will be saved. He will come in and go out, and find pasture.” Yochanan - John 10:9.

Although the hangings around the courtyards were off-white to beige, much like the priestly garment, however the colour on the entrance screen’s linen curtain were very different as it was woven with beautiful colours, such as; blue, purple and a scarlet thread. If we would enter that gate today, those colours would reminded you that you were entering into something that almost “heavenly” and that it certainly involved “Royalty.”

The screen on the front gate and its colours, although this image does it little justice!

If we would have had the mind of a Hebrew of those days, as you approached, the scarlet would have immediately told you that you had arrived at a place of sacrifice and blood. Of course we will all know and understand that blue is the colour of water and also of the Spirit of YaHVaH Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name, whilst the fine linen would have reminded you and the Israelites that this was a place of righteousness.

However, there is more to the colour blue than meets the eye, for on Study One the reader may recall that Yochanan the Immerser (John the Baptist) who was standing in the Jordan River called out to all “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.” (Mattityahu - Matthew 3:2). Thus water played an important part in repentance, for what we call “Baptism” was certainly not invented by “christianity” for it was practiced long before Yochanan the Immerser, as the Israelites had been Immersing themselves for this very reason since coming out of the Wilderness, when ample water was available. But the practice of washing was a vital one at all times!

As the Israelites entered the gate, the very first thing that they would be confronted by was a very Holy site, for directly in before them was that huge “Brazen Altar” where the sacrifices and its perpetual fire burned and was being attended to by the priests. Let us look at the “Brazen Altar.”

2 - The Sacrificial Altar:

“You shall make an Altar (Hebrew: Mitz’be’ach) of Acacia wood … Five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the Altar shall be foursquare: and the height of it shall be three cubits. And you shall make a horn for each of the four corners: the horns and the Altar will be of one piece: and you will overlay it with brass (bronze).” Shemos - Exodus 27:1-2.

The Brazen Altar

There is a reason for everything, when it comes to the construction and placements of all the vessels in the Tabernacle and the outer court, for when you think about it whenever Moshe or the high priest would approach the Mishchan, the Tabernacle, they would first have to go past the “Brazen Sacrificial Altar,” and here the priest would offer sacrifices for sin. The brazen altar was approximately 7 feet square and 4 feet high. It was made of Acacia wood (“a’tzey-shittim” in Hebrew) and was fully overlaid with brass. It was a place of death and where the shedding of blood occurred regularly. Approach to Elohim can only be made by way of repentance and in the days of the Tanach, the Old Covenant combined with sin offerings. Yahushua our Messiah said, “Except you repent you shall all likewise perish.” (Lukas - Luke 13:3).

Did you notice the prominence that was assigned to the Altar in connection with the Tabernacle? All you have to do is look at the location where it was located, for it was placed directly inside of the main gate of the court of the Tabernacle. Therefore it was the very first object that would meet with the eye of the worshipper, as they would enter into the court to present a sacrifice unto Elohim. Thus the Altar was not hidden in some back corner and removed from the gaze of the people, as would be done in these days, for people today certainly would not be able to handle such things, for in these days we have become so sensitive! Of course it was not permitted to stand inside the Mishchan, because that was a place only for Moshe and the priests and High priest. Therefore it had been placed where it would be seen by one and all, and where everyone could approach it. Sadly, not all of the people would be permitted to ever see the great golden Menorah, the Candlestick alight, the only time they would see it was when it travelled. Also as described on these pages, the “Table of Showbread,” the “Altar of Incense,” were also in the front part of the Sanctified Place between the Mishchan entrance and the veil into the Sanctified of Holies. No one could ever pass the veil that hung in the Tabernacle, except the high priest who was permitted to enter the Sanctified of Holies on one day of the year, that day being the day of the “Feast of Atonement.” Thus the “Brazen Altar” in the court, was not hidden and was available unto all. For it could be plainly seen from without, and no one could enter into the Mishchan save by passing this sacred Altar where the sacrificial blood of the animals was offered.

Beloved, this teaches that not one, no not one, that no man who has not come into the truth and the knowledge of Messiah Yahushua, and I do mean not another, known by any other name, will ever enter into the “Kingdom of Elohim (God)” except he/she has come to faith, repented and been saved, and been covered by the shed blood of “the Passover Lamb” our beloved Yahushua the Messiah, who stood as an Altar of sacrifice who we can approach!

“I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me. If you really knew Me, you would know My Father as well. From now on, you do know Him and have seen Him.” Yochanan - John 14:6-7.

As we have already seen the building details of the Altar is described in the verses in Shemos - Exodus 27:1-2, as seen at the top, but there are other notations in verse 27:8, and in chapter 38:1-7. The word in Hebrew for “Altar” is “Mitz’be’ach” that comes from a primitive root word “Zabach” that means to “slaughter an animal,” “sacrifice,” to “slay” and “offer.” But all these are in the sacrificial tense!

Just to remind us: The (shittim) Acacia-wood structure would measure approximately 7 feet 6 inches long by 7 feet 6 inches high. Having been built in all timber it would be fully covered in brass. Whenever it was to be moved, it was to be carried by staves, which were also made of Acacia wood and fully covered by brass, and these were placed through brass rings on the sides of the Altar.

Around twenty years later, “the censers of the men who sinned” from the two hundred and fifty rebels, who were associated with Korah, Dathan and Abiram (Bamidbar - Numbers. 16:35-39), were overlaid on the altar as a reminder to Israel of the destiny of flesh (return to the earth) which opposes YaHVaH, and presumes to offer service that does not conform to the Divine pattern.

“And fire came out from YHVH and consumed the 250 men who were offering the incense. YHVH said to Moshe, ‘Tell Eleazar son of Aaron, the priest, to take the censers out of the smouldering remains and scatter the coals some distance away, for the censers are Sanctified, the censers of the men who sinned at the cost of their lives. Hammer the censers into sheets to overlay the altar, for they were presented before YHVH and have become Sanctified. Let them be a sign to the Israelites. So Eleazar the priest collected the bronze censers brought by those who had been burned up, and he had them hammered out to overlay the altar, as YHVH directed him through Moshe. This was to remind the Israelites that no one except a descendant of Aaron should come to burn incense before YHVH, or he would become like Korah and his followers” Bamidbar - Numbers 16:35-40.

Beloved, the censers that were nailed to the altar represent rebellion and ambition. We may need to think and reflect and it is possible that we may have to nail some of our ambitions before Him as they may lead to our rebellion to His plans for our lives in Him! Remember, the key is this; Be at the right place and at the right time, for only when you are at the right place and time, then Elohim can use you, and if you do not think you are good enough for the job, don’t worry, He is good enough and He will make sure that you will also be just fine! When I was called into ministry, at first I was petrified and that was back in 1983, well here I am in 2014 and still going strong in Him, Praise His Sanctified Name!

We know that the Altar had four horns, each located on a corner; sacrifices would be bound to these horns as recorded in Tehillim - Psalm 118:27, this being the means of connecting the sacrifice with the Altar.

The Priests and the Altar:

The region close to the Altar was the scene of never ending work and activity, for it was here where the priests would minister on behalf of the people (Shemos - Exodus 29:38-44), performing a ministry of reconciliation (Vayikra - Leviticus 8:15). It would be here where they would take care of all the offerings (Vayikra - Leviticus 10:12) which they had accepted from the people who had offered it on behalf of Elohim to slay. They would first examine the animal, prepare it and then offer it to the Almighty so that He could partake of that which His people had presented to Him as their representative sacrifice (Vayikra - Leviticus 1; 3:2,8,12 etc.). By means of fire these sacrifices were presented to YaHVaH Elohim, blessed be His Sanctified Name! (Vayikra - Leviticus 9:24). The fire on the Altar the priests had to keep burning twenty-four hours a day. (Vayikra - Leviticus 6:13).

Although the details of the Tabernacle in this image may be incorrect, the image does show

a good idea of the priests and people going about the business of the offerings

“We Have An Altar” Hebrews 13:10:

What is so amazing are the many blessed pictures and areas of typologies of our Saviour that we have already seen in side the Mishchan, and now we have stepped outside in the courtyard area where everyone was welcome and could approach the area where the priests were, and give an offering, be it an animal, or an offering from the land!

But I am sure that you will not be surprised that we would discover He who is our “Passover sacrificed for us” throughout this courtyard and in the Altar, and in the building and placement of it?

Beloved, when this Ultra Orthodox Hebrew (Jew) came to know his Messiah Yahushua, I did not have a Brit Chadashah, the New Covenant; I only had my regular Hebrew Scriptures, the “Tanach,” being the Old Covenant!

On that very special evening in December 1977, I was clearly led by Abba Elohim, not to read any books written by men or to sit under their teachings for seven years, but only read His Word! Thus I did as commanded and continued to learn about my Messiah from the ancient Hebrew Scriptures and believe me or not, but it is packed with the Gospel, the Good News, and thankfully it has not been ruined by the pagan roman church, for there are so many parts of the New Covenant today that is so doubtful! But, I learned so much about my beloved Messiah Yahushua in the Tanach as well as in the “Feasts of YaHVaH” and in “The Tabernacle”! Praise His name, I now know, that Abba Elohim protected me from the countless erroneous teachings that abound in the “churches” and “christianity” in general, and beloved, that is so very sad! But, there is so much to be found in the courtyard!

And that is the point I wish to make here, for there are a good number of features about what is known as the “Brazen Altar of Burnt Offering” that clearly looks forward to Yahushua The Messiah (Hebrews 13:10).

The Altar was placed in the Outer Court not far from the front gate, but this Altar obviously showed the importance of sacrifice, for being so close to the gate, it was the first large object that was seen as one entered. The point is this; the willingness to sacrifice is the testing point, we could well say, both then and now, depending on the attitude of mind displayed by the person who would hand over the offering.

After Yahushua had publicly declared His acceptance of YaHVaH's principle of self-sacrifice in Immersion (Mattityahu - Matthew 3:13-15), He was led into the Wilderness for a period of trial. He successfully faced up to the challenge imposed upon Him, so demonstrating under test evidences of His mental attitude towards his Father's Word and Will. He overcame every temptation imposed on Him, rendering perfect obedience to every requirement (Mattityahu - Matthew 4:1-10; Lukas - Luke 4:1-13), and became the anti-typical Altar upon which lesser offerings can be presented to the Father.

The materials from which the Altar was constructed, therefore, pointed forward to Messiah, especially selected Acacia (shittim) wood (human nature Hebrews 2:14-17), overlaid with brass that had been subjected to the afflictions of fiery trials (Yeshayahu - Isaiah 53:3-8), resulted in a sacrifice and service that was acceptable to Elohim. Therefore, He became the meeting place, propitiation (Romans 3:25), between the repentant sinner and Elohim in a “ministry of reconciliation” (Romans 5:10-11).

Therefore the sacrifice that our blessed Redeemer Yahushua presented upon the Altar due to total dedication and in complete obedience was wholly consumed by the fire of Elohim. It changed Him from mortal nature to Divine; from the frailty of the flesh to the strength of Immortality!

“Present Your Bodies A Living Sacrifice” (Romans 12:1):

Beloved, I would like to ask you the following and, to be honest see where you really stand in the question of your faith in Messiah Yahushua, “How great is your love for YaHVaH Elohim and His blessed Saviour, Yahushua THE Messiah?” In addition, I will ask of you “Will you serve Yahushua to the point that you will lay down your life for Him, just as the early believers did, rather than deny Him?”

I am well aware that these questions will have put you right on the spot, for the first one is easier to say yes to, but if you said yes to that and really meant it with all your heart and soul, then the second one should have followed suit with another - Yes Father I will!

Let us now see how we fit into the picture.

It is essential that the sacrifices we are called upon to present to Elohim be made in an acceptable manner. They must be according to the pattern shown in this Altar of brass and through Yahushua the Messiah.

It is of prime importance for us to appreciate that our calling into the body of Messiah for the purpose of becoming YaHVaH's dwelling place and that involves sacrifice - such as …

The Sacrifice of self-will in order to submit to YaHVaH's will.

The Sacrifice required to-rid in me the I, me and myself, in order to give myself wholly unto YaHVaH’s purpose.

The Sacrifice demanding dedication in order to adopt laws required by Elohim, except all those of natural inclinations.

The Sacrifice of having “died” to the old life or the purpose of sanctification to live a new life in Messiah.

Immersion (Baptism) is the symbol of this sacrifice (Romans 6:1-6). It calls for a figurative death of the “body of sin,” so that there is no longer servitude to sin, but a new life not dominated by fleshly desires, but “alive unto Elohim” (vv. 11-14), having become His purchased possession. It is upon this basis that His work of our reconciliation through Messiah is accomplished (2 Corinthians 5:17-19).

By this means we are bound to the Altar of Messiah and have fellowship with the sufferings of Him who was Sacrificed for us (Philippians 3:8-10; 1 Peter 32 4:13; 1 Corinthians 5:7). Like the priests, we partake of the sacrifice. We do this each Passover in a symbolic way in eating and drinking of the unleavened bread and wine (Corinthians 10:18). This represents the assimilation of his teaching (the bread), and the manifestation of his life (the wine) and service. This service of dedication is a constant one, and by it YaHVaH partakes of our sacrifice (Tehillim – Psalms 119:44,117).

As we have been reconciled to YaHVaH Elohim (Romans 5:10), we “extend” that ministry according to (2 Corinthians 5:18-20) by becoming instruments in the Father’s hands for bringing others into fellowship with our Saviour Yahushua!

The Prophecy of The Altar:

We understand that the Altar was obviously also a prophecy of, or blessed Messiah’s future activity (Hebrews 3:3-6), when He will manifest Himself sacrificially and judicially in His consuming fiery judgments upon the ungodly and unrepentant of mankind. In this work, the four horns represent the four living creatures of Revelations 7:11, that are extensions of Messiah in the work of judgment upon the nations sacrificially gathered for their subjection to the purpose of YaHVaH. And we need to remember that …

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with Elohim, and the Word was Elohim. 2 He was with Elohim in the beginning. Through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made.” Yochanan - John 1:1-3.

Having read that familiar Scripture in Yochanan – John 1 1-3 once again, we can now read the following prophecy with a better understanding!

“His (He who is the Word - Elohim) splendour was like the sunrise; rays flashed from His hand, where His power was hidden. Plague went before Him; pestilence followed His steps. He stood, and shook the earth; He looked, and made the nations tremble. The ancient mountains crumbled and the age-old hills collapsed.” Habakkuk 3:4-6.

As we have just read in Habakkuk there is a certain prophecy that concern’s Elohim’s manifestation that will come through the Messiah and His risen saints at the end of time for the purpose of judgment upon all rebellious nations. Their activity is couched in the terms of the sacrificial as well as judicial judgment, the final Altar experience in all history!

The Brazen Altar - In Closing:

We will be aware that whenever anything was burned, there would always be ashes below in a tray, and I believe that even the ashes speak to us loudly! Because for us it must be remembered that today’s ashes were yesterday’s sacrifices. Our relationship with Elohim it cannot be based on past events, or our past sacrifices, nor yesterdays achievements. Our relationship with Elohim must be vital and alive, and it has to live in what we may call the “now” time, today. Hebrews 4:7 says "Therefore Elohim again set a certain day, calling it today, when a long time later He spoke through David, as was said before.” Beloved, today, if you hear His voice, please do not harden your hearts, but give your all unto our loving Saviour Yahushua, our Messiah! For Remember …

“We have been made Sanctified through the sacrifice of the body of Yahushua Messiah once for all … By one sacrifice He has made perfect forever those who are being made sanctified … And where these have been forgiven; there is no longer any sacrifice for sin.” Hebrews 10:10, 14, 18.

Thus as we have learned in our studies, there were two items in the outer court that we have looked at the “Brazen Altar” and the “Laver” as described on Page Two. Both of these had to be made from wood and bronze symbolising the judgement upon sin. The Brazen Altar does remind us of the need of a Blood Sacrifice that would take our place and take the judgement that should have been ours. Praise be to YaHVaH Elohim, this had its fulfilment when our beloved Saviour Yahushua gave His life as the “Passover sacrificed for us” and He did this for all our sin!

The laver should remind us of an ongoing need to see ourselves as we really are and to wash ourselves daily in His word. Although, some may say that this is not a requirement of salvation, but, beloved, I believe, it is crucial if we are to live a fulfilled and an ongoing and fruitful life in Messiah Yahushua. And if we really love Him we would want to go on and serve Him to the very best of our ability!

“I am the light of the world. Whoever follows Me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life”

Yochanan - John 8:12.


“I have come into the world as a light, so that no one who believes in Me should stay in darkness”

Yochanan - John 12:46.


Return to the MAIN INDEX of “The Tabernacle”


Also read The Hebrew Gospels

And discover that the Gospels were originally written in Hebrew & NOT in Greek!

Based on the study … “YHVH – The Divine Name in the Gospels”



Please share the love, mercy, forgiveness that our beloved Messiah offers and may the Spirit of our Precious Lord touch and change them, that they may also receive the REWARD … FOR …

Great is your reward in heaven!” Mattityahu - Matthew 5:12.

“Teach me Your way, O YHVH. I will walk in Your truth.

Tehillim – Psalms 86:11

May YHVH Elohim bless and keep you in the palm of His hand always, in Messiah Yahushua’s loving Name!


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Yahushua said; “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him, and I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the Prophets: They will all be taught by Elohim. Everyone who listens to the Father and learns from Him comes to Me. No one has seen the Father except the One who is from Elohim; only He has seen the Father. I tell you the truth he who believes has everlasting life.” Yochanan (John) 6:43-48.


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